Dog eating

Food and Care for Dogs with Kidney Disease

Kidney disease, or nephropathy, affects a dog’s ability to filter waste and toxins from their blood. This can lead to various symptoms, including increased thirst and urination, weight loss, and fatigue. While there is no cure for kidney disease, a balanced diet can help manage the condition and improve your dog’s quality of life.

Benefits of Natural Dog Foods for Kidney Disease

  • Reduced Protein: Natural dog foods for kidney disease are often lower in protein, which can help reduce the strain on your dog’s kidneys.
  • Limited Phosphorus: Phosphorus can exacerbate kidney disease, so natural dog foods that limit phosphorus can help manage the condition.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: These anti-inflammatory fatty acids can help reduce inflammation and improve your dog’s overall health.
  • Antioxidants: Antioxidants in natural dog foods can help combat oxidative stress and inflammation, which can contribute to kidney disease.

Foods to Avoid for Dogs with Kidney Disease

  • High-Protein Foods: Foods high in protein can put additional strain on your dog’s kidneys, making their condition worse.
  • Foods High in Phosphorus: Phosphorus-rich foods can exacerbate kidney disease, so it’s essential to limit or avoid them.
  • Foods with Artificial Preservatives: Artificial preservatives can be toxic to your dog’s kidneys, so opt for natural preservatives like vitamin E instead.
  • Foods with Fillers and By-Products: Fillers and by-products can be difficult for your dog to digest, which can worsen kidney disease.

Tips for Feeding Dogs with Kidney Disease

  • Hydration is Key: Ensure your dog has access to fresh water at all times. Dehydration can worsen kidney issues.
  • Frequent Small Meals: Feeding smaller, more frequent meals can help manage your dog’s blood sugar levels and reduce the burden on their kidneys.
  • Consult Your Vet: Always consult with your veterinarian before making any changes to your dog’s diet. Your vet can provide specific recommendations based on your dog’s condition and needs.

Natural Ingredients for Homemade Dog Food for Kidney Disease

Creating homemade dog food for a dog with kidney disease can be a great way to ensure they receive high-quality, natural ingredients that support their health. However, it is crucial to consult with a veterinarian or a pet nutritionist before making any dietary changes. Here are some natural ingredients commonly used in homemade dog food recipes for dogs with kidney disease:

Protein Sources

  1. Egg Whites
    • Benefits: Egg whites are a high-quality, low-phosphorus protein source.
    • Preparation: Cooked and incorporated into meals to provide essential amino acids without overloading the kidneys.
  2. Lean Chicken or Turkey
    • Benefits: These are lean proteins that are easier on the kidneys compared to red meats.
    • Preparation: Always cooked thoroughly to avoid any bacterial contamination. Skin and bones should be removed.

Carbohydrate Sources

  1. White Rice
    • Benefits: Easily digestible and low in phosphorus, white rice is a good carbohydrate option.
    • Preparation: Cooked and mixed into meals to provide energy and help with digestion.
  2. Pumpkin
    • Benefits: Rich in fiber and vitamins, pumpkin supports digestive health and provides antioxidants.
    • Preparation: Cooked and pureed to mix into meals.


  1. Green Beans
    • Benefits: Low in phosphorus and high in fiber, green beans are a kidney-friendly vegetable.
    • Preparation: Steamed or boiled until tender and mixed into meals.
  2. Sweet Potatoes
    • Benefits: Sweet potatoes are a good source of vitamins and fiber while being lower in phosphorus.
    • Preparation: Cooked and mashed or diced to incorporate into meals.


  1. Fish Oil
    • Benefits: Rich in omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil supports kidney function and reduces inflammation.
    • Preparation: Added in small amounts to meals or provided as a supplement.
  2. Coconut Oil
    • Benefits: Provides a source of healthy fat that is easy for dogs to digest.
    • Preparation: Mixed into food in moderate amounts.


  1. Calcium Carbonate
    • Benefits: Helps to bind phosphorus in the diet, reducing the load on the kidneys.
    • Preparation: Added to meals based on veterinary advice.
  2. Vitamin B Complex
    • Benefits: Supports overall health and compensates for any deficiencies caused by kidney disease.
    • Preparation: Added as a supplement, based on veterinary guidance.

Sample Recipe


  • 1 cup cooked white rice
  • 1/2 cup cooked, diced chicken breast (skinless)
  • 1/2 cup cooked green beans
  • 1/4 cup pureed pumpkin
  • 1 teaspoon fish oil
  • 1/4 teaspoon calcium carbonate (based on veterinary advice)


  1. Cook the Ingredients: Ensure all ingredients are thoroughly cooked and cooled to room temperature.
  2. Mix Together: Combine the rice, chicken, green beans, and pumpkin in a large bowl.
  3. Add Supplements: Stir in the fish oil and calcium carbonate.
  4. Serve: Serve the meal in appropriate portions based on your dog’s size and dietary needs.

Natural Dog Foods for Kidney Disease

  1. Hill’s Prescription Diet k/d: This veterinarian-recommended food is specifically formulated to support kidney health. It’s low in protein, phosphorus, and sodium, making it an excellent option for dogs with kidney disease.
  2. Royal Canin Renal: This food is designed to reduce the strain on your dog’s kidneys while providing essential nutrients. It’s rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids, which help combat inflammation.
  3. Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula Adult Dog Food: This natural dog food is made with high-quality protein sources like chicken and fish, which are easier on the kidneys than beef or pork. It’s also rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids.
  4. Merrick Grain-Free Dog Food: This grain-free formula is made with novel protein sources like salmon and turkey, which can be beneficial for dogs with kidney disease. It’s also rich in omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants.
  5. Taste of the Wild High Prairie: This natural dog food is made with real roasted meats and contains no grains or fillers. It’s rich in protein and omega-3 fatty acids, making it a great option for dogs with kidney disease.

By choosing the right natural foods and following these tips, you can help manage your dog’s kidney disease and improve their quality of life. Remember, every dog is different, and what works for one may not work for another, so always seek professional veterinary advice.

Always Consult Your Vet

Before introducing any new food, plant, remedy, or supplement to your dog, always consult with your veterinarian to ensure it is safe and appropriate for your pet’s specific health needs. This blog post is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional veterinary advice.

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